They can be divided into three main groups:
Watchful waiting – The cancer is not treated because it does not constitute a problem in comparison to other factors, like age or general state of health.

Active surveillance – The cancer is checked regularly to monitor its slow development, with help from diagnostic tools like PSA tests and tissue samples.

Curative treatment – Action is taken to actively intervene against the cancer. There are a variety of different treatment options. The most common are:

Radical prostatectomy – The prostate is surgically removed. It is a complicated operation that can be performed with or without robotic assistance. There is a great risk that the nerves regulating erection and urination will be damaged.

Radiation therapy – A program of different types of radiation. This type of treatment also carries a great risk of adverse side effects.

Hormone therapy – More advanced types of prostate cancer can be held in check by blocking access to the hormone testosterone. Hormone therapy is also often associated with adverse reactions and side effects.